Electric Kilns Electric Kilns
the paragon home artist or larger kilns at paragonkilns.co.uk or making jewellery at kitiki.co.uk
                          
Paragon Home Artist The French Flag The Italian Flag The Spanish Flag The Swedish Flag
Corfe Castle In Dorset
Cherry Heaven Shop In Corfe Castle
South-West Of England
EU Plug
Cherry Heaven USB Loudspeakers
UK Plug
CR1 Professional Motor Base
CR2 Professional Motor Base
Large Rubber Drum 2000gm Open
Large Plastic Drum 700gm Closed
Large Rubber Drum 950gm Closed
Large Rubber Drum 950gm Open
Magnetic Polisher
Magnetic Polisher
Magnetic Polisher
Magnetic Polisher
Magnetic Polisher Pins
Magnetic Polisher Pins
Small Plastic Drum 700gm Closed
Shot: Balls And Planetoids
Shot: Pins And Rods
Small Rubber Drum 510gm
ST4 Professional Motor Base
ST7 Professional Motor Base
ST8 Professional Motor Base
Rotary Tumbler Kit 1
Rotary Tumbler Kit 2
Rotary Tumbler Kit 3
Rotary Tumbler Kit 3 With Two Drums
Rotary Tumbler Mini With One Drum
Ultrasonic Cleaner Kit 1
Ultrasonic Cleaner Kit 1
Ultrasonic Cleaner Kit 1
Ultrasonic Cleaner Example
Large Rubber Drum With Vanes Open
Ceramic Block
Ceramic-Fibre Cloth
Bullseye Kiln Paper
Digital Pyrometer
Cherry Heaven Digital Alarm-Timer
The Dremel Engraver
The Dremel Engraver In Use
Fire Extinguisher
File Set
File Set
Glare-Resistant Glasses
Heat-Resistant Gloves
Cutters
Flush Cutters
Flat-Nose Pliers
Pointed-Nose Pliers
Bent-Nose Pliers
Round-Nose Pliers
Knife Set
Knife Set
MiniDrill
Digital Multimeter
3M HEPA Dust Mask
Mains Tester Screwdriver
Protective Safety Glasses
Ring Guage
Scriber
Soldering Iron
Paragon SC2 Shelf Kit
Stainless Steel Containers
SilverEtch on Art Clay By Larissa Johnson
SilverEtch on Polymer Clay By Larissa Johnson
Triblets
Vermiculite
The AX-4 Digital Controller
MiniKiln Closed
Paragon BlueBird Open
Lauscha by Carrie Fertig
Activated Charcoal Granules
Caldera A Closed
Caldera AB Closed
Fusion CS14D Open
Fusion CS14SB Closed
Caldera XL Closed
FireFly A Closed
The Paragon Fusion-7 Open
Fusion 8 Open
GL18ADTSD Open
HT-14D Closed
Janus 1613 Open
KM14D Open
Paragon-Orton Vent Master: Unassembled
Paragon-Orton Vent Master: Suction Cup
Pearl 18 Open
PMT21
Potter & Brumfield Relay
SC-2 Black Open
SC2 Open
SC2B Open
SC4 Closed
Sentry Xpress 4.0
Sentry 2.0
SC-2 Pink Open
SC-2 Turqoise Open
SC-2 Purple Open
The Paragon ST-8 Table
TNF 1613 Closed
GL Table
Xpress Top Row Bricks
USB Plug
Xpress E-12A Open
Xpress E-12AB Closed
Xpress E-14 Closed
Xpress Q-11A Open
SpeedFire Pro Closed
SpeedFire Pro Open
Paragon Home Artist Closed

The Paragon Home Artist is a plug-in cylindrical kiln on wheels, usually used for Art Clay and PMC silver clays, Prometheus bronze clay and copper clay, china painting, dichroics, enamelling, fusing glass, heat treating and melting metals, low-fire ceramics, mixed-media jewellery, making cutters, dies, and tools, moulding model parts, hardening and tempering blades, sintering metal clays, and raku.

It's a 1095°C, cone 4, cylindrical, top-opening, ceramic-fibre kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. It looks like an air hostess's travelling case, with wheels and a telescopic handle.

You can try most materials and processes, such as Art Clay metal clays, bronze clay, copper clay, PMC silver clay, glass clay, Accent Gold, Image Transfer Solution, Metal Clay Veneer, SilverEtch, bead annealing, china painting, decals, dichroic glass, enamelling, glass-art, casting, fusing, moulding, sagging, slumping, laboratory testing, lampwork, lost-wax casting, low-fire ceramics, making jewellery, melting gold and silver, pâte de verre, raku, and staining glass.

And you can make just about anything, within the kiln's size and temperature limits, such as architectural features, badges, beads, bracelets, brooches, buttons, candleholders, charms, decorations, earrings, figurines, fingerprint keepsakes, glass-art, jewellery, medals, miniatures, models, necklaces, ornaments, pendants, pet-id tags, rings, souvenirs, stained-glass designs, studs, tableware, thimbles, tiaras, tiles, tools, and trinkets, as unique hand-crafted pieces or repeatable stock for sale.

It's ideal for your arts centre, college, course venue, craft classes, glass works, home business, jewellery studio, or school. It's very easy to move around, so excellent for demonstrations, presentations, and exhibitions, or a small studio that doesn't have a dedicated kiln space.


For prices, use the shop link below the menu bar near the top-right of any page. They're for UK-EU voltage CE-marked kilns, and include comprehensive manuals, a professional shelf kit, UK VAT, and UK mainland delivery. So, no other charges and you can start work straight away.

THE PARAGON HOME ARTIST: PHOTOS

The Paragon Home Artist Kiln For Annealing, China Paints, Dichroics, Enamelling, Fusing Glass, Low-Fire Ceramics, Firing Metal Clays, And Raku.

To look at the pop-up photos, hold your mouse over the zoom buttons below: you don't need to click.


The Paragon Home ArtistThe Paragon Home Artist.

Paragon Sentry Xpress 4.0 The Paragon Sentry Xpress 4.0 Programmer.

STAY ON THIS PAGE, OR LOOK AT OTHER KILNS?

Electric Kilns Or Paragon Kilns? Or Mail Or Call A Technician For Help.

This comprehensive internet resource lets you research and compare kilns in your own time. And it'll help you make the right choice instead of an expensive mistake: especially if, as you learn, you discover new materials or processes, want to make larger pieces, want to run classes, or find a promising business niche.


Cherry Heaven is an EU distributor, sales, and service and support centre for electric kilns, including kilns made by Paragon, Prometheus, Kitiki, Odak, SpeedFire, and UltraLite. For convenience, I've separated the kilns into two groups on separate internet resources, Electric Kilns and Paragon Kilns, although there's cross-over:

Generally, the smaller plug-in table-top kilns are used for smaller things. They're popular for annealing beads, Art Clay metal clays, dichroics, enamelling, fusing, making jewellery, mixed-media work, PMC silver clay, porcelain, Prometheus bronze clay, and ProCopper clay. Refer to Electric Kilns.

Generally, the larger wired-in floor-standing and work-top kilns are used for larger things. They're popular for annealing, casting, ceramics, earthenware, glass, heat treating, knife making, pottery, raku, and stoneware. Refer to Paragon Kilns.


Depending which resource you're currently on, links to other resources are above the menu bar near the top of the page. If you need help, you can mail an experienced technician or call .

THE HOME ARTIST ANNEALING, CERAMICS, DICHROICS, ENAMELS, GLASS, METAL CLAYS, AND RAKU
The Paragon Home Artist

The Paragon Home Artist Kiln For Annealing, China Paints, Dichroics, Enamelling, Fusing Glass, Low-Fire Ceramics, Firing Metal Clays, And Raku.

The Paragon Home Artist is a plug-in cylindrical kiln on wheels, usually used for Art Clay and PMC silver clays, Prometheus bronze clay and copper clay metal clays, casting, china painting, dichroics, enamels, glass annealing, fusing, sagging, and slumping, heat treating, keepsakes, making jewellery, melting metals, and raku. It's a 1095°C, cone 4, cylindrical, top-opening, ceramic fibre kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer.

You can try most materials and processes, such as Art Clay metal clays, bronze clay, copper clay, PMC silver clay, glass clay, Accent Gold, Image Transfer Solution, Metal Clay Veneer, SilverEtch, bead annealing, china painting, dichroic glass, enamels, glass-art, casting, fusing, moulding, sagging, slumping, laboratory testing, lampwork, lost-wax casting, low-fire ceramics, making jewellery, melting gold and silver, pâte de verre, raku, and staining glass.

And you can make just about anything, within the kiln's size and temperature limits, such as architectural features, badges, beads, bracelets, brooches, buttons, candleholders, charms, decorations, earrings, figurines, fingerprint keepsakes, glass art, jewellery, medals, miniatures, models, necklaces, ornaments, pendants, pet-id tags, rings, souvenirs, stained-glass designs, studs, tableware, thimbles, tiaras, tiles, tools, and trinkets, as unique hand-crafted pieces or repeatable stock for sale.


The UK kiln is rated at 230V 2200W, so it can use a regular mains socket. To comply with EU safety regulations, it's fitted with an additional switch that cuts off the power when the lid is opened: an important safety feature included in the price. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The outer steel case measures 406mm x 584mm x 476mm, including the legs, wheels, telescopic handle, programmer housing, and hinge assembly. The shipping weight is about 21kg.

The ceramic-fibre firing chamber measures 305mm x 305mm high, and is suspended in a vented steel case to help keep the outside cool. It heats from all sides, with the elements safely embedded in the fibre.


The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

stacking shelf kits and shelf paper
ceramic fibre cloth
ceramic block
HEPA dust mask
clear protective glasses
glare-resistant glasses
heat-resistant gloves

And finally, my opinion.

The 1095°C Home Artist is a versatile kiln for your craft workshop or glass studio: it's compact and easy to move, it can use a regular mains socket, it's fully programmable, and it's inexpensive to run. It's popular with glass artists, as it will accommodate seven 250mm plates.

The only minor limitation is that, although 1095°C is enough for low-fire ceramics, it's not hot enough for normal ceramics, porcelain, pottery, and stoneware: they need a 1260°C or 1290°C kiln.

THE PARAGON HOME ARTIST: KILN FURNITURE

The Paragon Home Artist Kiln Furniture.

There's a recommended kit, included in the price: one durable round 254mm x 15mm cordierite shelf and four 12mm shelf posts.

There's an extra recommended kit, not included in the price: one round 254mm x 15mm shelf and four posts. You can choose 12mm or 25mm posts.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost: so you might want more kits. This kiln has room for four.

FIRING CHARACTERISTICS

How Electric Kilns Work.

Generally, programmable kilns work like this: as soon as the programmer's sequence starts, the kiln starts to heat up. The thermocouple tells the programmer the current internal temperature and, depending on the sequence you've chosen, the programmer turns the elements on or off to control the heating rate, maintain the target temperature, or control the cooling rate. When the sequence is complete, the kiln beeps, and the sequence stops.

For safety, the programmer doesn't switch the full mains voltage. Instead it drives a relay, an electro-mechanical switch. The programmer uses a low voltage to activate the switch which turns the high voltage elements on or off.


When the target temperature is reached, the programmer switches the elements off. However, residual heat in the firing chamber allows the internal temperature to overshoot the target temperature briefly before starting to fall back.

This overshoot is more evident at low temperatures than at high temperatures. For example: 300°C will probably overshoot to 330°C whereas 800°C will probably only overshoot to 805°C before starting to fall back.

During the hold-time, with the elements still off, the temperature starts to fall. When the programmer switches the elements back on, the firing chamber will initially absorb some of the new heat before the temperature recovers. The continual switching of the elements on and off causes the internal temperature to oscillate either side of the target temperature.

This is similar to central heating. If you set it for 21°C, it probably oscillates, quite slowly, around 20°C to 22°C: and you won't notice. The accuracy will depend on where the thermostat is sited, how quickly it responds, how accurate it is, how long it takes for the radiators to heat up, and if you have doors and windows open. The temperature will probably be slightly different in each room.

So, regardless of the thermocouple temperature, the actual temperature of your work will be slightly different, depending on its position on the kiln shelf, the vertical spacing of any stacked shelves, and its nearness to the elements, a lid, a door, a bead door, or a window. Learn to take it into account if you're working with temperature-critical materials or processes.


Remember that glass needs radiant heat and will fuse, sag, or slump better on one shelf at the bottom than between closely stacked shelves.


Kiln doors and lids are not meant to be a perfect fit otherwise, at high temperatures, there'd be no room for expansion and movement, and the door could stick and the ceramic-fibre or firebricks could crack.

All kilns smell a bit during the first few firings, just like a toaster or a fan heater. If you're worried about fumes, open a window.

Eventually, with normal use, kilns discolour slightly, inside and outside, and some firebricks might develop hairline cracks. Your kiln is a versatile, robust, red-hot tool: not an ornament.

KEEPING A KILN LOG

Keeping A Kiln Log.

Using your kiln successfully needs critical research and frequent tests, especially as things that work for your friends or teachers might not work in the same way for you. It's also very important to learn how to creatively use unexpected effects. So, keep a firing log:


Buy a durable notebook. Use a new page for every firing, and draw diagrams of the shelves, their vertical spacing, and the position of your work on the shelves. Along with your work, put a few scraps at different places on the shelves to learn how things change. Describe the material, the shape of your work, the firing cycle, and the end result. Add a few photos and sketches, and mark the page corners with coloured dots or symbols as a quick reminder of your success rating.

A kiln log is vital if you're experimenting with temperature-sensitive materials, or working with coloured dichroic glasses, enamels, glazes, or china paints, and a skilled artist will use the kiln log to advantage to re-create effects. It'll be particularly useful if you have to repeat a commission, or you have a long holiday before returning to your studio.


Some Paragon kilns have a Sentry 12-key programmer which can be connected to your computer through a factory-fitted USB interface. The Control Master software allows you to control and monitor the firing, and analyse, arrange, print out, and save the data. If you want this feature, make sure you order the USB interface in the on-line shop.

GLASS
Obsidian

What Is Glass?

The main component of glass is silicon dioxide, often called silica: found naturally and plentifully as sand. When it melts, at around 1700°C, it's like syrup on a cold day. When it cools, it forms a rigid brittle glass called quartz glass.

To lower the melting point, and reduce the cost of melting, chemicals are added: typically sodium carbonate and calcium oxide. Other chemicals, and different heating and cooling processes, produce a range of colours and mechanical properties.

Chemically, glass is defined as an amorphous solid but, as it's heated, it becomes softer allowing it to be blown, moulded, poured, pressed, coated, decorated, engraved, or heat-treated.

A form of glass occurs naturally within the mouth of a volcano when the intense heat of an eruption melts sand to form Obsidian, a hard black-to-brown glassy type of stone, shown in the photo. Although it was used decoratively, when it fractures it has very sharp edges, many times sharper than a steel knife-edge, so was also used for tools and weapons, and the pitiful ritual of circumcision.

ANNEALING
Annealed Beads

Annealing.

During annealing, fabrication stresses are relieved as the molecules cool and arrange themselves into a regular stable matrix. Successful annealing is the key to creating glasswork that will remain attractive and durable. It's quite a long preocess, so a kiln with an automatic comprehensive programmer is essential.

DICHROIC GLASS
Dichroic Glass

Dichroic Glass.

Dichroic glass has two different colours: a transmitted colour and a reflective colour, both of which change depending on the angle of view. For example blue-red will be blue in transmission and red in reflection.

During manufacture, quartz and metal oxides are vapourized onto the surface of the glass using a vacuum deposition process, forming a multi-layer crystal structure.

FIRE POLISHING
Fire Polished Glass

Fire Polishing.

To fire polish glass, return the items to the kiln and melt them just enough to give a smooth polished appearance. It needs a temperature of around 700°C, and is typically used to round the edges of glass between fusing and slumping.

Fire polishing already-slumped items is more difficult because the polishing temperature is close to the slumping temperature and it can distort the appearance of the piece. So it generally works best for flat items, rather than slumped ones. It has the slight limitation that the part of the item that touches the kiln shelf won't polish.

FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Lauscha By Carrie Fertig

Fusing, Sagging, And Slumping.

If two or more pieces of glass in contact are heated, they begin to soften and fuse together. With careful heating and cooling, the separate pieces of glass become one.

If glass is put on a mould and heated, it begins to soften and collapse, or sag, onto the mould: a common technique for making bowls and plates.

Sagging and slumping are often thought of as being the same. Correctly: during sagging, heated glass, supported at its edges, sags down in the middle to conform to a mould; during slumping, heated glass, supported at its middle, slumps down at its edges to conform to a mould.

LAMPWORK AND BEADS
Beads

Lampwork And Beads.

If you're a beginner, you might have wondered what lampworking means. Very briefly, lampwork is the traditional name for glasswork that uses a gas torch to melt rods and tubes of clear and coloured glass. Once in a soft state, the shape is formed by turning and using tools.

Early lampworking was done in the flame of an oil lamp, with the artist blowing air into the flame through a pipe. Most artists today use torches that burn propane, natural gas, or butane, although kilns are becoming increasingly popular.

Beads are usually made on steel rods, or mandrels. When the beads are finished, the rods are removed leaving holes for threading the beads. Cold working techniques can be used, such as etching, faceting, polishing, and sandblasting.

PÂTE DE VERRE
Pâte De Verre

Pâte De Verre.

Pâte de verre involves making a glass paste, applying it to a mould, firing it, and removing the piece from the mould. The glass paste is usually made from glass powder, a binder such as gum arabic, distilled water, and colouring agents or enamels. It allows precise placing of colours in the mould, whereas other techniques often result in the glass straying from its intended position.

I think, currently, Daum is the only commercial crystal manufacturer using the pâte de verre process for art glass and crystal sculptures.

TACK FUSING

Tack Fusing.

Tack fusing is the joining together of glass, with as little change to the shape of the pieces as possible. Tack fusing may be used either decoratively, or to assemble a large piece of glass from laminations.

Where tack fusing is used to apply small decorative details to a larger piece, you might want to partially melt the small pieces so that they change shape, usually becoming more spherical under the influence of surface tension, but without changing the shape of the carrier piece. This can be done by using an increased temperature, but only briefly. The carrier piece has a larger thermal mass, so heats up more slowly than the small decorations.

WARM GLASS

Warm Glass.

The term warm glass refers to fusing, slumping, and other glass processes which take place at temperatures between about 600°C to 925°C. Although that doesn't sound warm, it is when you compare it to glassblower's working temperatures, which often exceed 1100°C. The term warm glass is often replaced by kiln forming.

SILVER CLAY
Art Clay Silver Pendant By Petra Cameron

Aida Art Clay Silver And Mitsubishi PMC Silver Clay.

There are two popular makes of silver clay: Art Clay made by Aida Chemical Industries and PMC made by Mitsubishi Materials Corporation, in Japan. They're both clay-like materials made of fine silver powder and water-soluble organic binders.

Art Clay Silver and PMC Silver, sometimes just called silver clay, metal clay, or precious-metal clay, are easy to fire: put your dried work on a kiln shelf and programme the temperature and hold-time.

As they're fired, the binders vapourise, releasing very small amounts of non-toxic carbon dioxide and water, and the metal powder sinters, leaving solid 999 silver: real metal, not something that just looks like metal.

Although Paragon kilns include a durable shelf kit so that you can start work straight away, several shelves can be stacked to make better use of your time and reduce the unit-cost of firing: so you might want more than one.


Although we chose to work with, sell, and provide classes in Art Clay, both makes fire in a similar way. So any kiln suitable for Art Clay will be just as good for PMC.

If you're currently using PMC, try Art Clay. There are differences in the feel, the shrinkage, the strength, the surface lustre, the product range, the pricing, and the general commercial setup if you're running a serious business.


To learn more, use the links below the menu bar near the top of the page. You can buy ArtClay, bronze clay, copper clay, glass clay, gold clay, and related products in the on-line shop.

BRONZE CLAY
Bronze-Copper Lobster Bangle By Gordon Uyehara

Bronze Clay And BronzClay.

There are three popular makes of bronze clay: Bronze Clay made by ClayMania, BronzClay made by Metal Adventures, and Prometheus Bronze ProClay made by Odak. They're all clay-like materials made of fine bronze powder and water-soluble organic binders. However, they're fired in different ways:

Prometheus Bronze Clay is easy to fire: wrap your dried work in kitchen tissue or ceramic cloth, put it on a kiln shelf, and programme the temperature and hold time. It can also be fired in charcoal.

Clay Mania Bronze Clay and MetalAdventures BronzClay fire in a special way. Fired normally, the surface would oxidise so, to minimize this, they're embedded in activated charcoal granules in a covered stainless steel container. Charcoal made from coconut shells produces a natural bronze colour, and charcoal made from coal produces a colourful range of patinas.

As they're fired, the binders vapourise, releasing very small amounts of non-toxic carbon dioxide and water, and the metal powder sinters, leaving solid bronze, an alloy of 89% copper and 11% tin: real metal, not something that just looks like metal.


The stainless steel container for the Paragon SC-2 measures 162mm x 176mm x 100mm, and holds 1 litre of charcoal. To fire larger pieces, or more pieces at the same time, you'll need a larger kiln, such as the Paragon Xpress E-12A. The container for the E-12A measures 265mm x 162mm x 152mm and holds 3 litres of charcoal.

The 1230°C firebrick E12A costs more than the 1095°C ceramic-fibre SC2. However, it's two and a half times larger than the SC-2 and is a versatile mixed-media kiln suited to continual high temperatures.

Particulates represent a health risk if they're breathed in, so wear a HEPA mask when cleaning out your kiln, mixing kiln wash, and working with charcoals, ceramic-fibre blocks, cloths, and papers. And, ideally, use protective glasses.

Although Paragon kilns include a durable shelf kit so that you can start work straight away, several shelves can be stacked to make better use of your time and reduce the unit-cost of firing: so you might want more than one.


I can't recommend one clay as being the best. There are differences in the feel, the firing, the shrinkage, the strength, and the surface patinas, so try them and experiment: they're not expensive.
However, as Prometheus Bronze Clay is easy to fire and costs less than the others, try it first? It comes as 100gm of soft clay in a packet, or 10gm of creamy clay in a syringe with three tips that you can cut or shape.

There's also Creative Bronze, which is almost certainly Prometheus Bronze Clay renamed. I'll leave it you to work out why ProBronze is £19.75 for 100gm with no delivery charge and Creative Bronze is £24.95 plus £4.95 shipping.


In November 2012, 100gms of Art Clay Silver Clay costs about 24 times more than Prometheus Bronze Clay. So, if you're still in the learning phase, you can try out ideas before possibly wasting your expensive silver clay. However, bronze is a beautiful metal so, as with many materials, you need to exploit its qualities and try to produce beautiful original pieces.

To learn more, use the links below the menu bar near the top of the page. You can buy ArtClay, bronze clay, copper clay, glass clay, gold clay, and related products in the on-line shop.

COPPER CLAY
Copper Earring By Zina Kuscynska Richterova

Copper Clay And CopprClay.

There are four popular makes of copper clay: Art Clay Copper made by Aida Chemical Industries, Copper Clay made by ClayMania, CopprClay made by Metal Adventures, and Prometheus Copper ProClay made by Odak. They're all clay-like materials made of fine copper powder and water-soluble organic binders. However, they're fired in different ways:

Clay Mania Copper Clay and MetalAdventures CopprClay fire in a special way. Fired normally, the surface would oxidise so, to minimize this, they're embedded in activated charcoal granules in a covered stainless steel container. Charcoal made from coconut shells produces a natural copper colour.

Art Clay Copper is easy to fire: put your dried work on a kiln shelf, and programme the temperature and hold time. In most kilns, several shelves can be stacked to make better use of your time: so you might want more than one.

Prometheus Copper Clay is easy to fire: wrap your dried work in kitchen tissue or ceramic cloth, put it on a kiln shelf, and programme the temperature and hold time. It can also be fired in charcoal.

As they're fired, the binders vapourise, releasing very small amounts of non-toxic carbon dioxide and water, and the metal powder sinters, leaving solid copper: real metal, not something that just looks like metal.


The stainless steel container for the Paragon SC-2 measures 162mm x 176mm x 100mm, and holds 1 litre of charcoal. To fire larger pieces, or more pieces at the same time, you'll need a larger kiln, such as the Paragon Xpress E-12A. The container for the E-12A measures 265mm x 162mm x 152mm and holds 3 litres of charcoal.

The 1230°C firebrick E12A costs more than the 1095°C ceramic-fibre SC2. However, it's two and a half times larger than the SC-2 and is a versatile mixed-media kiln suited to continual high temperatures.

Particulates represent a health risk if they're breathed in, so wear a HEPA mask when cleaning out your kiln, mixing kiln wash, and working with charcoals, ceramic-fibre blocks, cloths, and papers. And, ideally, use protective glasses.

Although Paragon kilns include a durable shelf kit so that you can start work straight away, several shelves can be stacked to make better use of your time and reduce the unit-cost of firing: so you might want more than one.


I can't recommend one clay as being the best. There are differences in the feel, the firing, the shrinkage, the strength, and the surface patinas, so try them and experiment: they're not expensive.
However, as Prometheus Copper Clay is easy to fire and costs less than the others, try it first? It comes as 100gm of soft clay in a packet, or 10gm of creamy clay in a syringe with three tips that you can cut or shape.

There's also Creative Copper, which is almost certainly Prometheus Copper Clay renamed. I'll leave it you to work out why ProCopper is £19.75 for 100gm with no delivery charge and Creative Copper is £24.95 plus £4.95 shipping.


In November 2012, 100gms of Art Clay Silver Clay costs about 24 times more than Prometheus Copper Clay. So, if you're still in the learning phase, you can try out ideas before possibly wasting your expensive silver clay. However, copper is a beautiful metal so, as with many materials, you need to exploit its qualities and try to produce beautiful original pieces.

To learn more, use the links below the menu bar near the top of the page. You can buy ArtClay, bronze clay, copper clay, glass clay, gold clay, and related products in the on-line shop.

GLASS CLAY
Glass Clay Flowers By Geneva Perkins

Glass Clay And GlasClay.

GlasClay is made by ClayMania in vibrant colours, based on glasses from Bullseye and Oruboros. It's a clay-like material made of fine glass powder and water-soluble organic binders. It's sold as a box of twelve colours in 12gm pots.

The colours in the table below are a rough guide, and the clay powder, mixed powders, fused glass, and re-fused glass will not all look the same. They're all COE90: read this pop-up.


COLOUR COLOUR COLOUR CODE
Black Opal Bullseye 90 100
Blue Grey Opal Uroboros 90 076
Cinnabar Bullseye 90 309
Cornflower Blue Uroboros 90 408
Deep Cobalt Blue Opal Bullseye 90 147
Deep Plum Bullseye 90 1105
Emerald Green Uroboros 90 700
Grenadine Red Uroboros 90 606
Lemon Grass Opal Uroboros 90 356
Midnight Blue Bullseye 90 1118
Shaded Lawn Opal Bullseye 90 120
Vermillion Uroboros 90 6071

As it's fired, the binders vapourise, releasing very small amounts of non-toxic carbon dioxide and water, and the glass powder fuses, leaving solid glass: real glass, not something that just looks like glass.


GlasClay is easy to fire: put your dried pieces on some ceramic shelf-paper on a kiln shelf and programme the temperature and hold time.

GlasClay can be shaped easily. You can make three-dimensional objects and free yourself from the constraint of working with flat glass. The size is only determined by the support you can give it. Perhaps the most exciting opportunity is to make your own beads without a torch.

The firing temperature and time are important: glass clays have to fuse, not melt. There's a difference between fusing and melting: During fusing, the binder in the glass clay vapourises and the glass powder particles bond to make solid glass. During melting, the glass powder particles liquify and lose their original clay-shape.

Particulates represent a health risk if they're breathed in, so wear a HEPA mask when cleaning out your kiln, mixing kiln wash, and working with charcoals, ceramic-fibre blocks, cloths, and papers. And, ideally, use protective glasses.

Although Paragon kilns include a durable shelf kit so that you can start work straight away, several shelves can be stacked to make better use of your time and reduce the unit-cost of firing: so you might want more than one.


To learn more, use the links below the menu bar near the top of the page. You can buy ArtClay, bronze clay, copper clay, glass clay, gold clay, and related products in the on-line shop.

GOLD CLAY
Gold Clay Pendant By Claudia S Atkins

Aida Art Clay Gold And Mitsubishi PMC Gold Clay.

There are two popular makes of gold clay: Art Clay made by Aida Chemical Industries and PMC made by Mitsubishi Materials Corporation, in Japan. They're both clay-like materials made of fine gold powder and water-soluble organic binders.

Art Clay Gold and PMC Gold, sometimes just called gold clay, metal clay, or precious-metal clay, are easy to fire: put your dried work on a kiln shelf and programme the temperature and hold-time.

As they're fired, the binders vapourise, releasing very small amounts of non-toxic carbon dioxide and water, and the metal powder sinters, leaving solid 22 carat gold: real metal, not something that just looks like metal.

Although Paragon kilns include a durable shelf kit so that you can start work straight away, several shelves can be stacked to make better use of your time and reduce the unit-cost of firing: so you might want more than one.


Although we chose to work with, sell, and provide classes in Art Clay, both makes fire in a similar way. So any kiln suitable for Art Clay will be just as good for PMC.

If you're currently using PMC, try Art Clay. There are differences in the feel, the shrinkage, the strength, the surface lustre, the product range, the pricing, and the general commercial setup if you're running a serious business.


To learn more, use the links below the menu bar near the top of the page. You can buy ArtClay, bronze clay, copper clay, glass clay, gold clay, and related products in the on-line shop.


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